Court Curtails Expansive Fax-Related TCPA Liability

August 22, 2017

Fax-Related TCPA Liability

A federal court in Michigan recently rejected a plaintiff’s plea to expand the scope of Telephone Consumer Protection Act (“TCPA”) liability in a fax advertisement class action case.  This should come as welcome news to those operating in this space, particularly product manufacturers, as the court put a needed stop to recent creeping TCPA liability seen in cases across the country.

Why did the Court refuse to extend TCPA liability? 

In a case involving the marketing of drugs manufactured by Pfizer, Inc. (“Pfizer”), the class action plaintiff argued that Pfizer qualified as a sender of faxes for TCPA liability purposes because its product was listed in the subject fax advertisements.  The court, however, rejected this argument, determining that Pfizer had no knowledge of, relationship with, or contact with, the underlying fax marketer itself.  The court noted the difference between Pfizer’s experience and that of product manufacturers which hire advertising agencies to send faxes, explaining that for TCPA liability to attach to the entity offering products or services it “must have done something to advertise goods or services.”  In granting Pfizer’s motion to dismiss, the court expressed concern about vastly expanding the scope of TCPA liability and the potential for “sabotage liability” in which companies can bankrupt their competitors by sending out thousands of unsolicited fax advertisements promoting their applicable products or services without the competitor’s knowledge.

Protect Your Business from Fax Marketing-Related Liability

We have previously blogged about TCPA-related liability resulting from fax marketing practices and procedures that failed to comply with the mandates of the TCPA and the FCC’s implementing regulations.  The nuances contained within these rules and regulations underscore the need for businesses operating in this space to consult with competent counsel prior to engaging in any fax marketing campaign.

If you are interested in learning more about this topic, need to review your facsimile marketing practices and procedures or if you are facing an investigation from the FCC or other regulatory agency, please e-mail us at, or call us at (212) 246-0900.

The material contained herein is provided for information purposes only and is not legal advice, nor is it a substitute for obtaining legal advice from an attorney.  Each situation is unique, and you should not act or rely on any information contained herein without seeking the advice of an experienced attorney.

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Fax Marketing and the TCPA

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David Klein

David Klein is one of the most recognized attorneys in the technology, Internet marketing, sweepstakes, and telecommunications fields. Skilled at counseling clients on a broad range of technology-related matters, David Klein has substantial experience in negotiating and drafting complex licensing, marketing and Internet agreements.

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